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Naiad

Description

Southern Naiad is an annual plant that branches profusely and forms very dense stands of rooted submerged vegetation. Leaves are dark green to greenish-purple, ribbon-like, opposite or in a whorl of three, mostly less than 1/2 inch long and 1/8 inch wide. Single seeds are found encased in the leaf sheath. Naiad reproduces by seeds and fragmentation. Flowers are at the base of the leaves but so small that they can only be observed with magnification.

Mechanical Control

Southern Naiad can be removed by cutting and raking from the pond. It will regrow from remaining roots and seeds.


Pond Dye can be used to limit sunlight into the pond. With reduced sunlight, photosynthesis cannot occur so growth will be stunted.

Chemical Control

There are several options to control Naiad:

  1. Use a season long herbicide such as Sonar™ A.S.. One treatment treats duckweed and many other common pond weeds for the season.
  2. Use a broad spectrum contact herbicide, such as Ultra PondWeed Defense®, will quickly kill duckweed. Because it does not stay in the water body, multiple treatments may be needed throughout the season.
  3. Use Clipper™, a fast and selective herbicide that controls tough invasive and nuisance aquatic plants.

Chemical Application Best Practices

Anytime you use chemicals treat weeds and algae, please keep in mind the following:

  • Treat your pond in sections. Treat only half the pond's surface at a time, if the weather is hot, only treat 1/4-1/3 of your pond. Wait 10-14 days between treatments.
  • Once the weeds have browned, use a rake to remove as much dead material as possible. This prevents an accumulation of dead plant material and muck.
  • Treat your pond with the proactive approach to pond management. Use PondClear™, MuckAway™ and Pond Dye to keep your pond looking great.

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