What's the first thing that comes to mind when you hear that you have bacteria in your pond? You probably think that your pond is dirty, or it may cause disease or get you sick. The truth is while some bacteria are associated with negative effects, bacteria are present in any functioning ecosystem diligently working behind the scenes to maintain a balanced environment. If you properly maintain your pond you will create an environment that promotes the presence of beneficial bacteria.
Where the Bacteria Exist
There are two different types of bacteria to focus on; aerobic and anaerobic. Your anaerobic bacteria are those that exist in areas of your pond that lack oxygen. These bacteria work slowly to digest organic debris and release a smelly gas as a byproduct. In a self contained pond with little to no aeration you would expect to find aerobic bacteria near the surface where there is a higher level of dissolved oxygen and a lot more anaerobic bacteria at the bottom of the pond where there is a very low amount, if any, oxygen. Due to the fact that these anaerobic bacteria are slow to digest debris, any leaves, plants, and fish waste that gather at the bottom faster than they can be decomposed, hence the accumulation of muck.
To help break down organic debris at a rapid rate and keep your pond clean and clear you will want to ensure that your pond is populated with aerobic bacteria throughout. To do this you want to circulate mix the layers of your pond while infusing oxygen into the water column. If your pond is 6 feet or shallower this can be accomplished with a fountain. Ponds deeper than 6 feet will see better results with a diffused aeration system. With these units in place you now have an oxygen rich playground just waiting to be filled with beneficial (aerobic) bacteria.
You can further increase the amount of aerobic bacteria by adding PondClear and MuckAway. PondClear is in a water soluble packet that will release at the surface of the pond and travel throughout to find and digest any organic debris suspended in the water before they have a chance to settle to the bottom. MuckAway is a pellet that will sink directly to the bottom of the pond to help speed up the decomposition of any debris that have accumulated over time. The fact that you can directly place MuckAway pellets in specific areas that need a little extra attention makes them the perfect solution for treating sections of lake front property and beach areas.